“Choosing and Siting Food Access Interventions: Food Mirages and Produce Stands in Portland, Oregon”
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development
Volume 6, Issue 4 (September 2016)
This research seeks to understand issues of food access among populations displaced by gentrification and determine the best locations for sidewalk produce stands as a method to increase access to fresh produce. It examines the concept of the food mirage — in which geographic access to food exists but economic barriers persist — and proposes an alternative pedestrian-scale approach to address gaps in grocery store coverage for those lacking transportation. Calculations in GIS determine the ideal locations for produce stands in walkable areas not served by transit or fruit and vegetable markets that house a high number of residents displaced by gentrification. This paper contributes to the research and practice of food systems planning by incorporating indicators of gentrification-driven displacement as well as the built environment into a process of spatial analysis to expand consumption of affordable produce while providing entrepreneurship opportunities for residents.
“Eating Exclusion: Social Barriers at Farmers Markets”
The Oculus: The Virginia Journal of Undergraduate Research
Volume 14 (May 2016)
This paper suggests explications for the social auras of affluence and whiteness that prevent farmers markets from extending access to fresh food even when geographic and economic barriers have been met. It offers potential solutions, examples in practice from across the United States, and case studies of two Virginia farmers markets that have addressed social barriers with varying degrees of success.